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    India estimates that it has 21 million “undesirable” girls

     More than 21 million girls in India are “undesirable” because of parental bias toward children rather than girls, according to a government report.
    An estimate released as part of the annual economic survey in India found that a “meta” preference for boys encouraged Indian parents to continue to have children until the birth of a child.
    This preference led to the birth of 21 million “girl” undesirable, often receiving less food and education than their brothers.
    The authors of the study also calculated 63 million “missing” women from India because of selective abortion of female fetuses, disease, neglect and inadequate nutrition.
    “India’s sex ratio is highly biased,” said Arvind Subramanian, India’s economic adviser.
    Several economic factors such as passing property to children, having to pay a dowry to attend a daughter’s wedding and moving women to her husband’s home after marriage contributes to the mutation preference, according to the study.
    Sex ratio in different states in India worsened even with improved income. The Punjab and Haryana provinces were the hardest hit by 1,200 children per 1,000 girls in children under the age of 7.
    “Perhaps the region where Indian society – and this goes beyond governments to civil society, communities and families – has to think about what can be called” son preference “where development does not prove to be antidote.
    The study also found that the country’s wealth increase had caused overall improvements in education and agency.
    Economic gains also led to a decline in the employment rate of women from 36 percent in 2005-2006 to 24 percent in 2015-16 with increasing incomes for men, allowing women to engage in non-work activities such as raising children.