On World Lymphoma Day..know your enemy and beware of it!15 September, 2022
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September 15th is World Lymphoma Day, an occasion to emphasize the importance of raising awareness of this disease and the urgent need to improve diagnosis and treatment methods.
The lymphatic system is a network of vital vessels and glands that helps fight infection and cleanse the body of viruses, and it is one of the most important body systems that defend it against infection and cancer. But this system may not work well in some people, which negatively affects their health and leads to diseases, infections or cancer, as cancer of the lymphatic system is one of the most common blood cancers in the world, and it may start anywhere in the body and spread to other organs.
Accordingly, there is a very urgent need for accurate and advanced diagnosis and improvement of methods for detecting lymphoma, especially after the Corona pandemic affected the follow-up of treatment for some patients, and also slowed the tracking of subtypes of this cancer, which doubled the rate of its spread, especially among young people. Hence, the importance of strengthening efforts to revive awareness of lymphoma cancer, after the pandemic recedes. Consultant oncologist Muhannad Diab said in an interview with "Sky News Arabia" that "the lymphatic system is a network of channels and nodes inside the human being whose mission is to defend him against infections, bacteria and viruses, and the problem in the lymphatic system is that the defect in it gives it symptoms similar to the symptoms of viral infections such as heat and sweating." Nocturnal disease, and this reason usually delays the diagnosis of this disease in people with it.
Muhannad Diab also mentioned that "lymphoma is the most famous type of blood cancer, and it is of two types: Hetkinson and Heskin, as Thomas Hetkin is the first person to describe this disease in 1832, where he put an accurate description of it under the microscope and it has become known to doctors since that time." Diab pointed out that lymphoma disease is very silent, and it is usually diagnosed at a late stage because its symptoms are similar to those of viral infections, and most often the patient comes to the clinic after taking antibiotics for three or four months without benefiting from them at all, and his lymph nodes are swollen at all.
The level of the neck and armpit area with night sweats, weight loss, appetite and a feeling of fatigue, a biopsy is taken from these lymph nodes and the presence of this type of cancer is confirmed by biopsy only. Oncologist Muhannad Diab called for emphasizing awareness of this disease, as he said, "The awareness aspect is very important in getting patients to know about this type of cancer and for them to go for the necessary tests and receive the required treatments early before their conditions worsen and the disease spreads and becomes difficult to control, and this is the role that The media is doing well."
Diab also indicated that the recovery may be complete and the disease will not return to the patient if it is discovered at an early stage, so early detection is the most effective way to get rid of this type of blood cancer. Mohannad Diab explained the ways to treat this disease, saying, "The treatment is usually chemical, and patients are given immunosuppressive drugs, as it is now possible to give patients drugs with less toxicity and side effects compared to what was in the past. Scientific progress has served medicine a lot in this regard, and that Radiation therapy is also effective in this regard.
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