Phytonutrients.. Colors of health benefits

25 May, 2022
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Phytonutrients.. Colors of health benefits

The nutrients in food play a vital role in maintaining the functions of the human body. Phytonutrients, which are essential plant compounds with different structures and health-promoting properties, are found in food along with some common nutrients that include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

What are plant nutrients?

Phytonutrients are natural plant chemicals that are produced only by plants, in certain types of cells, and not through energy metabolism or metabolism. Some of the phytochemicals found in plants contain polyphenols, resveratrol, terpenoids, isoflavonoids, carotenoids, flavonoids, phytoestrogens, anthocyanins, probiotics, glucosinolates, and omega-3 fatty acids.

A small fruit does wonders for the health of the body!

According to the "Bold Sky" website on health, phytochemicals contain a wide range of health benefits for humans, and the most prominent sources of these nutrients are vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes and whole grains, and these nutrients have been linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and other health disorders.

Phytonutrients have different colors as they are compounds that give plants their natural colors, along with a unique flavor, taste and aroma, and each color has an amazing nutritional value, so nutritionists suggest eating foods that contain a good mix of these colorful phytonutrients, and most of the phytonutrients It is present in the peel of colored foods, and for this reason it is not preferable to peel carrots and onions to maintain their concentration, and there is a study that talks about the health benefits of natural food colors.

Here is a list of colorful phytonutrients, their benefits, and their source:

Red color Red plant foods contain carotenoids, which are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immune-boosting and are found in berries, strawberries, cherries, red onions, watermelons, and apples.

Yellow color

Yellow vegetable foods contain bromelain, lutein, fiber and are rich in antioxidants, which give a sense of satiation and support the movement of the digestive system, and are available in ginger, pineapple, yellow pepper, potatoes, corn kernels.

The orange color

Orange-colored plant foods contain alpha-carotene, bioflavonoids, beta-carotene, which are good for fertility, eyes and symptoms of fever and menopause. They also protect against harmful radiation and are found in pumpkin, peaches, sweet potatoes, carrots, turmeric. Blue/Purple

Blue and violet plant foods contain anthocyanins, flavonoids, procyanidins, quercetin, kaempferol, and hydroxy acids, all of which improve cognition, heart health, prevent diabetes, reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease as well as strengthen bones and are found in berries, blackberries, black grapes, fig.

Green color

Green vegetable foods contain catechins, isoflavones, folate, and chlorophyll, which delay aging. They are beneficial for the heart thanks to their good antioxidant content. They are found in kiwis, avocados, green beets, peas, green beans, and okra. white/brown color

White and brown plant foods contain lysine, kaempferol, and quercetin which are anti-swelling, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and found in garlic, onions, mushrooms, and radishes.

According to nutrition experts, phytonutrients help prevent many diseases and maintain good health only when taken with other nutrients such as fiber, minerals and vitamins.

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